Top 10 Most Traded Commodities in the World 2023 Forex Sentiment Board

The world’s top iron ore producing countries are Australia, Brazil, China, and India. The Brent crude oil price has remained elevated due to strong demand and supply constraints from the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) producing countries. At the same time, oil markets tried to factor in how much Russian oil will disappear from the market when the EU’s ban on seaborne imports of Russian oil takes effect on 5 December. EIA estimated the Henry Hub spot price to average $8.69 per million British thermal units (MMBtu) in the third quarter, up from an average of $8.13/MMBtu in May.

Corn being the most versatile crop that can be grown in diversified climatic conditions is often referred as ‘yellow gold’. The versatility of this crop is the major reason for which it is the most cultivated crop in the world. Statistics say that approximately 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed every day in the world. IG International Limited is part of the IG Group and its ultimate parent company is IG Group Holdings Plc. IG International Limited receives services from other members of the IG Group including IG Markets Limited.

  • Brent crude (along with West Texas Intermediate) is used as the basis for benchmarking global oil prices, and is produced in the UK and Norway.
  • Instead, you’ll put down a deposit to open a larger position, with profits and losses calculated on the full position size.
  • Commodities are natural resources and agricultural products that are traded in bulk.

There are several varieties of corn – the main ones being dent, flint, pod, popcorn, flour and sweet corns. The majority of corn is grown in the US, followed by China, Brazil and Argentina. In the past, prices of WTI oil have been heavily dependent on US consumption.

Brent oil

Despite the expansion of the sector, recurrent and detrimental market imbalances and asymmetric income distribution among market players can threaten the livelihood of millions of smallholder producers. The EIA predicts Brent crude price will reach $60 per barrel in the Q4 of 2019 and will surge a little higher to $62 per barrel in 2020. The WTI oil price is expected to average $5.50 lower than Brent price in 2020.

With the advent of internet, when online commodity trading is gaining fame, more and more people, even individuals can get into commodity trading and can earn a great profit. All it requires is just good trading skills that can evaluate a variety of commodity investments and commodity libra cryptocurrency stock indices to stand firm on a commodity trading platform. Surveys indicate that in the last 40 years the worldwide consumption of coffee has increased by 100%. And it is this ever-increasing fondness for coffee that makes it the second most traded commodity in the world.

Most Traded Commodities in the World #1 – Brent Crude oil

The country has rapidly urbanised – requiring vast amounts of steel – and experienced phenomenal economic growth. Because of this, Trump’s tariffs have also had an indirect effect on iron ore, with prices falling due to a reduction in demand. Its composition can vary substantially dependent on the desired end use, so there is no agreed standard for the alloy. As a result, there are multiple futures contracts for steel, which can make it difficult to trade. With IG, you can trade steel indirectly by speculating on constituent commodities, particularly iron ore. This is based on an analysis of the top 40 most exchanged agricultural, energy and metal futures contracts of 2017, using figures from the Futures Industry Association (FIA).

Complexity and interconnectedness of global market

However, maritime security expert Jan Stockbruegger believes that the US might have more immediate reasons not to clamp down on the trade. Ignoring sanction breaking trade is part of the White House’s strategy to accelerate further rapprochement find undervalued stocks efforts, says energy analyst Thomas O’Donnell. Last week, in a deal months in the making, the US and Iran took part in a controversial prisoner swap, that also included the return of $6bn in Iranian oil money that had been frozen by Washington.


You can trade commodity stocks without having to take ownership of shares, using CFDs. Commodities’ prices are driven by the forces of supply and demand, which means there are a variety of factors that can impact them. Iron is relatively easy to mine and historically the price has been relatively stable with normally sufficient supply to meet demand.

The pandemic had a tremendous impact on steel prices as lockdown measures led to negative GDP growth in most economies. China is the leading producer of steel, and the production output in the country determines the global supply of steel. It’s crucial to keep in mind that predicting commodity prices and making long-term projections are both challenging tasks due to the extremely unpredictable nature of the commodities markets.

Prices received a boost from sanctions against Russia’s oil and gas exports following the country’s invasion of Ukraine, heightening worries about supply crunch. China reimposed strict Covid-19 restrictions, including lockdowns and mass testing, to fight fresh outbreaks at the end of March. While the country has since eased restrictions, concerns have been raised about the slowing growth of the world’s second largest economy. China is one of the world’s largest importers of commodities and energy – from oil, copper to iron ore and nickel.

For example, coffee, which is one of the most traded commodities in the world, cannot be simply picked from a plant and put into a cup. Coffee needs to go through a complicated process before the beans (whole or ground) are ready to be used in a cafe or sold in a store. As it is sold on exchanges, coffee is cleaned, dried and packaged investment strategies in sacks. Despite there being a seemingly endless list of financial assets available to trade, you may be wondering, out of all these choices, what are the most traded commodities in the world. The price of oil and electricity can affect the price of aluminium, as separating the element from ores is very energy intensive.

After AIG’s financial problems in 2008 the Index rights were sold to UBS and it is now known as the DJUBS index. Other commodity indices include the Reuters / CRB index (which is the old CRB Index as re-structured in 2005) and the Rogers Index. Iron is abundantly available and has countless uses in many industries. The price of iron has been relatively stable, and industrial activity is the primary determinant of price in the commodity market. The introduction of tariffs can also play a crucial role in shaping the future price of the commodity.

When evaluating a commodity for tradability, volume and open interest are important metrics to watch. Volume is the total number of contracts that trade, and open interest is the total number of open long and short positions in a market. Volume and open interest numbers are published by futures exchanges like the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) and the Intercontinental Exchange (ICE), among others around the world. Alex studied Foreign Trade & International Economics at the Budapest Business School. During his career in Exports & Logistics he developed an interest in currency trading. He went on to work extensively with companies developing technical solutions for retail traders, including platforms such as Finamark, giving him a close-up view of how the markets work in practice.

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